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Going out from Westphall

St. Elsewhere, the home of Tommy Westphall, crossed into five series: Tattingers, Chicago Hope, Homicide: Life on the Street, Oz, and Method & Red. Chicago Hope, Homicide: Life on the Street, and Oz are connected in many ways before and after they crossed with St. Elsewhere.

Click the image for a better view. The series are placed closest to their strongest link and as close to chronological as possible.



Dr. Elliot Axelrod from St. Elsewhere is a cousin of Kenny Axelrod from Tattingers. Tattingers was renamed to Nick & Hillary.

Tattingers did not have any other connections except a name change to Nick & Hillary.

Method & Red

Warren Coolidge from The White Shadow appeared in over twenty episodes of St. Elsewhere. After joining St. Elsewhere, he appeared in Method & Red Da Shootout.

Chicago Hope

from CBS

Dr. Mark Craig from St. Elsewehere received the Cushing Left Anterior Descending Artery Award on Samuels and the Kid as did Dr. Kathryn Austin from Chicago Hope on Women on the Verge.

Doctor Phillip Waters from Chicago Hope appeared in Picket Fences Rebels with Causes.

Doctor Jeffrey Geiger from Chicago Hope accepted a heart from a victim on Homicide: Life on the Street A Doll's Eyes.

Doctors Phillip Waters, Keith Wilkes, and Diane Grad from Chicago Hope appeared in Early Edition Mum's the Word.

Picket Fences

Douglas Wambaugh from Picket Fences appeared in Chicago Hope Small Sacrifices.

Picket Fences Away In A Manger referenced Delta Glen and events of The X-Files Red Museum that took place in Delta Glen.

Kelly Connell played Carter Pike on Picket Fences and C. Peck on Harryʼs Law Onward and Upward. Because Pike ≠ Peck, there was no crossover.

Early Edition

Early Edition Play It Again, Sammo had an appearance of Sammo Law from Martial Law. Martial Law Honor Among Strangers continues in Walker, Texas Ranger The Day of Cleansing. Walker, Texas Ranger spun off Sons of Thunder.

Homicide: Life on the Street

from NBC, FOX, CBS, TF1 (France), NTV (Russia), ITV (United Kingdom), UPN, HBO, USA Network, and Netflix

Dr. Roxanne Turner from St. Elsewhere appeared in Homicide: Life on the Street Mercy.

Homicide: Life on the Street had three crossovers with Law & Order. Law & Order Charm City continued in Homicide: Life on the Street For God and Country. Law & Order was followed by Homicide: Life on the Street in the episodes Baby, It's You and Sideshow on both series. Detective John Munch was on Homicide: Life on the Street during those crossovers.

Detective Munch was on Homicide: Life on the Street when he appeared in The X-Files Unusual Suspects.

Detective John Munch transferred to Law & Order: Special Victims Unit.

Law & Order

from NBC

Other Law & Order crossovers happened around Law & Orderʼs crossovers with Homicide: Life on the Street.

Law & Order and its three spin-offs based in New York city use the fictional newspaper The New York Ledger from Deadline. Exiled is the only film to spin off from Law & Order. Four spin offs are foreign adaptations with one in Paris, France; two in Moscow, Russia; and one in London, the United Kingdom. It also spun off Law & Order: Los Angeles.

Doctor Elizabeth Olivet from Law & Order appeared in New York Undercover Smack Is Back, and Doctor Emil Skoda from Law & Order appeared in New York Undercover Mob Street.

After Detective John Munch moved to Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, he appeared in The Beat They Say It's Your Birthday, Arrested Development Exit Strategy, and The Wire Took. In Lutherʼs fifth episode of the first season, John Luther mentions John Munch of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit by name and location.

Deputy Marshall Mary Shannon from In Plain Sight appeared in Law & Order: Criminal Intent Contract.

Nicole Wallace, a recurring character on Law & Order: Criminal Intent, appeared in Jo Catacombs under an assumed name. She is identified by her fingerprints.

There have been three crossovers between Law & Order: Special Victims Unit and the Chicago franchise.

The X-Files Xs

from FOX, CBS, and ABC

The graves of Nicholas and Diane Salinger from Party of Five are seen on The X-Files Milagro. Party of Five spun off Time of Your Life.

Frank and Jordan Black from Millennium appeared in The X-Files Millennium.

In Strange Luck Struck by Lightning, the character of Chance Harper's brother mentions Fox Mulder of The X-Files.

The X-Files spun off The Lone Gunmen along with two films and a revival miniseries.

The X Division from The X-Files was mentioned in Fringe A New Day in the Old Town.

The X-Files used the red box Morley cigarettes often during its run; they became a character of sorts in the series. Morley first appeared in Beverly Hills 90210 and look similar to Marlboro.


from FOX and ABC

The airline in Fringe The Dreamscape is called Oceanic Air, the same airline flown by Richard and Alexis Castle in Castle In Plane Sight.

In Fringe Firefly, Doctor Walter Bishop says he is friends with Doctor Lawrence Jacoby from Twin Peaks. Bishop is wearing the same 3D glasses that Jacoby wears.

Twin Peaks spun off Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me and a 2017 revival with the same name. Dr. Jacoby from Twin Peaks appeared on General Hostpital. Red box Morley cigarettes appeared in Part 5 of the revival.

General Hostpital is part of the ABC Soap Opera Universe that includes ten series. I am not going to try to unravel all of the crossovers between them.

Wilde Community Arrested

from FOX and NBC

The Bluth Company from Arrested Development appeared in Running Wilde The Pre-Nup. The Wilde Oil company from Running Wilde appeared in Community The Psychology of Letting Go. A Bluth Company stair car appears in Captain America: Civil War.

The Marvel Cinematic Universe

The Marvel Cinematic Universe is a very large continuity that began in 2008 with Iron Man. There are a few crossovers that have crept into the MCU.

In Guardians of the Galaxy, Taneleer Tivan has collected many things including Howard the Duck and slugs from Slither.

While the continuities have not merged, J. K. Simmons reprised his character J. Jonah Jameson from Spider-Man in Spider-Man: Far from Home.

Special Victims Unit in Chicago

from NBC and CBS

The Chicago franchise started with Chicago Fire, which spun off Chicago P.D. and Chicago Med. Chicago P.D. spun off Chicago Justice.

Erin Lindsay from Chicago P.D. appeared in Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Comic Perversion. On the same night, Odafin 'Fin' Tutuola and Amanda Rollins from Law & Order: Special Victims Unit appeared in Chicago P.D. Conventions.

The following year Chicago Fire Nobody Touches Anything continued on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Chicago Crossover and ended on Chicago P.D. They'll Have To Go Through Me.

Another three way crossover started with Chicago Fire We Called Her Jellybean, continued on Chicago P.D. The Number of Rats, and ended on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Daydream Believer.

Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Nationwide Manhunt ended on Chicago P.D The Song of Gregory William Yates.

Detective Hailey Upton from Chicago P.D. appeared in FBI Emotional Rescue. FBI spun off FBI: Most Wanted.


St. Elsewhere has two connections to Oz, the fictional Weigert Medical Corporation and the character R.N. Carol Grace.

Oz is connected to Homicide: The Movie and The Beat through the fictional children's television program, Miss Sally's Schoolyard.

Red box Morley

from various networks

Red box Morley cigarettesʼ first known appearance is in Beverly Hills, 90210 The Back Story. They can be seen in the following series. Only the first appearance is listed.

Beverly Hills

from FOX and The CW

Beverly Hills 90120 spun off Melrose Place and 90210. Melrose Place spun off Models, Inc. and Melrose Place (2009).


from NBC

ER Brothers and Sisters and Third Watch Unleashed crossed when Doctor Susan Lewis on ER got a call from her sister which prompts her to go to New York where she meets Detective Faith Yokas of Third Watch. Doctor Susan Lewis of ER and Detective Faith Yokas of Third Watch are in both episodes.

Third Watch> In the Family Way and Medical Investigation Half Life cross when an outbreak of Marburg brings the NIH team to New York. Doctors Stephen Connor and Natalie Durant from Medical Investigation appeared in Third Watch and Detective Faith Yokas, Carlos Nieto, and Holly Levine from Third Watch appeared in Medical Investigation.

Detective Faith Yokas is the only character to have been on all three series.

This continuity is Thomas Holbrookʼs group 32.


from CBS and FOX

CSI: Crime Scene Investigation has three spin-offs CSI: Miami, CSI: NY, and CSI: Cyber. The CSI: Crime Scene Investigation episode Who and What concluded in the Without a Trace episode Where and Why. Detective Scotty Valens from Cold Case appeared in CSI:NY Cold Reveal.

CSI: Crime Scene Investigation The Lost Girls and Bones The Woman in the Sand both mention the fictional Tangiers hotel. Bones spun off The Finder.

Bones The Resurrection in the Remains crossed over with Sleepy Hollow Dead Men Tell No Tales.

There was no crossover when Jon Cryer, Charlie Sheen, and Angus Jones from Two and a Half Men appeared as themselves on CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Two and a Half Deaths.

This continuity is Thomas Holbrookʼs group 33 with a few additions.

Criminal Minds

from CBS

Criminal Minds spun off Criminal Minds: Suspect Behavior and Criminal Minds: Beyond Borders.

Prison Break

from FOX and A&E

Prison Break spun off Prison Break: Proof of Innocence and Breakout Kings.

Breaking Dead

from AMC

The blue meth from Breaking Bad appeared in The Walking Dead Bloodletting. Breaking Bad spun off Better Call Saul. The Walking Dead spun off Fear the Walking Dead, however it is not contiguous with The Walking Dead.


from ABC, Showtime, FOX, and NBC

Happy Time Temp Agency from Dead Like Me was mentioned on Pushing Daisies Bzzzzzzzzz!. Dead Like Me spun off Dead Like Me: Life After Death.

Marianne Marie Beetle from Wonderfalls Muffin Buffalo appeared in Pushing Daisies Comfort Food and Mockingbird Lane. Gretchen Speck-Horowitz from Wonderfalls appeared in Hannibal Amuse-bouche under her maiden name Gretchen Speck.

News for the Detectives

The Los Angeles Tribune has created crossovers with many series.

I have not been able to verify the crossovers with Wonder Woman, Moonlighting, and City of Angels The November Plan.

At first I did not consider this a crossover; however, after seeing many screen shots, I was convinced these did cross with each other. The Tribune's title font changed somewhere between Lou Grant and Remington Steele. The font from Burke's Law and Lou Grant match; and the font from the rest, incluiding Burke's Law (1994), match. With the two fonts in the same franchise, I deduced the font must have changed.

Burkeʼs Law

from ABC and CBS

Burke's Law (1963) was renamed Amos Burke, Secret Agent in season three. It spun off Burke's Law (1994).

The titular character of Honey West appeared on Burke's Law (1963) Who Killed the Jackpot? and Burke's Law (1994) Who Killed Nick Hazard?.

This continuity is Thomas Holbrookʼs group 7.

Mary Tyler Moore

from CBS

The Mary Tyler Moore Show spun off four series: Rhoda, Phyllis, Lou Grant, and Mary and Rhoda.

This continuity is Thomas Holbrookʼs group 13 with one addition.


from NBC and ABC

Columbo spun off the non-contiguous Mrs. Columbo. Mrs. Columbo went through three name changes: Kate Columbo, Kate the Detective, and Kate Loves a Mystery.


from FOX, Showtime, and FX

24 spun off 24: Live Another Day and 24: Legacy. 24 uses a fake news company known as CNB that first appeared in Day 1: 5:00am — 6:00am. CNB has appeared in Homeland The Star and in Tyrant second season. Howard Gordon worked on 24 and helmed the latter two series.


from ABC

Max from Hart to Hart appeared on Moonlighting It's a Wonderful Job. In the next Moonlighting episode, The Straight Poop, Pierce Brosnan from Remington Steele appeared as himself.

Lost in Alias

from ABC and NBC

Lost introduced the fictional Oceanic Airlines. The airline and its logo appeared in LAX Senator's Daughter, FlashForward No More Good Days, and Once Upon a Time The Stranger. Oceanic Airlines flight 815 from Lost was mentioned in Chuck Chuck Versus the Helicopter, however the details around its destruction were inaccurate.

Once Upon a Time spun off Once Upon a Time in Wonderland.

L.A.P.D. Police Sergeant Al Powell first appeared in Die Hard and then again in Die Hard 2. He reappeared almost two decades later in Chuck Chuck Versus Santa Claus. Die Hard had three more sequels.

Lost Raised by Another was the first appearance of Gannon Car Rentals. It appeared in Nip/Tuck Conor McMamara, 2026, Heroes The Fix, and Glee The New Rachel.

Lost had two minor crossovers with Alias. The fictional band Driveshaft from Lost got a minor mention in Alias Authorized Personnel Only part 2. The flight that got lost in Lost was mentioned in Alias A Clean Conscience.

Alias introduced the fictional Credit Dauphine bank, and it appeared in Eli Stone The Path.

Slusho! was introduced in Alias So It Begins. It appeared in Heroes Cautionary Tales and Truth or Consequences, Cloverfield, Fringe The Road Not Taken and A Better Human Being, Star Trek (2009), and Super 8.

You can read more about Oceanic Airlines and find out why some do not cross over with Lost.

This continuity is Thomas Holbrookʼs group 15 without the Oceanic Airlines and Slusho! additions.


from CBS, NBC, and ABC

JAG was on NBC for one season before moving to CBS. It had been severed from Westphall because it used stock footage of Oceanic Airlines from the film Executive Decision not the logo from Lost. However, it later reentered Westphall through its spinoff NCIS.

Secretary of the Navy Edward Sheffield from JAG first appeared in First Monday in three episodes when he was a senator.

JAG Ice Queen and Meltdown were the backdoor pilot for NCIS.

NCIS two-part Legend was the backdoor pilot to NCIS: Los Angeles. NCIS two-part Crescent City was the backdoor pilot to NCIS: New Orleans.

Kensi Blye from NCIS: Los Angeles appeared in Hawaii 5-0 Ka Hakaka Maika'i. G. Callen and Sam Hannah from NCIS: Los Angeles appeared in Hawaii 5-0 Pa Make Loa which concluded on NCIS: Los Angeles Touch of Death with Daniel Williams and Chin Ho Kelly from Hawaii 5-0 appearing.

Hetty Lange from NCIS: Los Angeles appeared in </Scorpion> True Colors.

Chin Ho Kelly, Kono Kalakaua, and Kamekona from Hawaii 5-0 appeared in MacGyver "Flashlight". MacGyver is a reboot of the ABC series of the same name.

From the first episode of Magnum P.I., I Saw the Sun Rise, characters from Hawaii 5-0 have crossed over. There have been twenty-two Magnum P.I. episodes with recurring characters from Hawaii Five-0.

There was a two-part crossover with Hawaii 5-0 Ihea 'oe i ka wa a ka ua e loku ana? continuing on Magnum P.I. Desperate Measures.

This continuity is Thomas Holbrookʼs group 31 with many additions.

Original series crossovers

from CBS

Hawaii 5-0 (2010) is a remake of Hawaii Five-O. MacGyver (2016) is a remake of MacGyver. Magnum P.I. (2018) is a remake of Magnum P.I..

Steve McGarrett of Hawaii 5-O was mentioned by Thomas Magnum in Magnum P.I. Skin Deep.

Magnum P.I. Ki'is Don't Lie ends on Simon & Simon Emeralds Are Not a Girl's Best Friend.

Magnum P.I. Novel Connection ends on Murder, She Wrote Magnum on Ice.

A.J. Simon from Simon & Simon appeared in Whiz Kids Deadly Access, then Richie and Irene Adler of Whiz Kids appeared in Simon & Simon Fly the Alibi Skies.

Murder, She Wrote spun off The Law & Harry McGraw and four television films.

This continuity is Thomas Holbrookʼs group 16 but has not been verified as part of Westphall.

Hawaii Five-Oh-No!

from CBS

Hawaii 5-0 used footage from Hawaii Five-O Wooden Model of a Rat in its episode Kalele when Ed Asner reprised his character August March. The back story of the newer August March is different from the story in the original.

Another crossover was attempted between Hawaii 5-0 and Arrow. In Arrow The Undertaking, there was a character named Dominic Alonzo. In Hawaii 5-0 Ho'oilina there was a character with the same name. However, since the Dominic in Hawaii 5-0 dying eight years prior to the episode and the Dominic in Arrow being a year and a half earlier; they are not the same character.

Monday night on Syfy

from SyFy

EUReKA, Warehouse 13, and Alphas aired on SyFy on Monday nights together.

EUReKA and Warehouse 13 had three crossovers. Douglas Fargo from EUReKA appeared in Warehouse 13 13.1. Claudia Donovan from Warehouse 13 appeared in EUReKA Crossing Over. Douglas Fargo also appeared in Warehouse 13 Don't Hate the Player.

Dr. Vanessa Calder, who recurred on Warehouse 13, appeared in Alphas Never Let Me Go.


from The WB; FOX; NBC; and Showtime

Weyland-Yutani is the greedy corporation from the Alien series. It is mentioned as a client of the evil law firm Wolfram & Hart on Angel Harm's Way. Angel spun off from Buffy the Vampire Slayer.

A M41A Pulse Rifle and USCM Smart Gun from Aliens appeared in Soldier. The soldier's service record shows he fought in the battles of Tannhauser Gate and Shoulder of Orion from Blade Runner, also the spinners from Blade Runner appeared in Soldier. Blade Runner is followed by Blade Runner 2049.

A Narcissus escape shuttle built by Weyland-Yutani from Alien, a Klingon Bird of Prey from Star Trek, and the Eagle from Space: 1999 appeared in Red Dwarf Psirens in a shipyard of derelict ships. Weyland-Yutani's logo and an Imperial shuttle from Star Wars appeared in Firefly Serenity. A Holnist patch from The Postman can be seen on the shoulder of a dock worker on the Firefly film Serenity.

A Firefly class ship appeared in the Battlestar Galactica (2003) miniseries. A Constitution class ship from Star Trek appeared in Battlestar Galactica (2004) Daybreak.

The Alien vs. Predator series serves as a prequel to the Alien series and a sequel to the Predator series. (The film Predators is not part of the Alien vs. Predator series.)

The Doublemeat Palace

Buffy Summers from Buffy the Vampire Slayer worked at the Doublemeat Palace owned by Guy Halveston, whose murder was investigated by Andy Barker, P.I. in Fairway, My Lovely. The Doublemeat Palace was previously mentioned in Dexter Truth Be Told.

This contnuity is Thomas Holbrookʼs group 38 that does not include the Weyland-Yutani connection.

Star Wars and Trek

from NBC, UPN, ABC, and syndication

Before an Imperial shuttle from Star Wars was seen in Firefly Serenity, R2-D2 and C3PO were shown on a column in Egypt in Raiders of the Lost Ark. Then the Millennium Falcon appeared in Spaceballs and later in Star Trek: First Contact. R2-D2 went on to appear briefly in Star Trek (2009), Star Trek Into Darkness, and Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen.

The shuttle craft Indiana Jones appeared in Star Trek: The Next Generation Evolution. The San Francisco Register from Journeyman was the place of employment for Dan Vasser, and it appeared in Star Trek: The Next Generation Time's Arrow.

Dr. Jackson Roykirk, introduced on Star Trek The Changeling, appeared in Team Knight Rider Apocalypse Maybe. Team Knight Rider spun off from Knight Rider.

The alien species from E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial appeared in Star Wars: The Phantom Menace.

The sarlacc from Star Wars: Return of the Jedi was mentioned in Once Upon a Time in Wonderland Forget Me Not.

Doctor Who

from the BBC, CBBC, ITV, Disney, Nickelodeon, and TNT

Before various space ships appeared in Red Dwarf, the TARDIS from Doctor Who appeared in Red Dwarf Marooned in the hanger of the ship. The TARDIS went on to appear in Chelmsford 123 Arrivederci Roma, Sherlock The Hounds of Baskerville, and The Librarians And the Final Curtain. Doc Brown's DeLorean from Back to the Future also appeared in And the Final Curtain.

Gallifrey from Doctor Who was mentioned by location and name on Rangers Lost Galaxy Green Courage. Prior to that, the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles from Ninja Turtles: The Next Mutation appeared in Power Rangers in Space Shell Shocked.

Arthur Dent from The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy was mentioned in Doctor Who The Christmas Invasion. Doctor Who has five spin-offs.

This continuity is Thomas Holbrookʼs group 27 with several additions.

Note: The Power Rangers and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles are so convoluted, I'm not going to try to detangle them.

The Montecito Resort and Casino

from NBC, ABC, and BBC Two

The Montecito Resort and Casino was introduced in Las Vegas. When a network has a series that is set in a casino, every time another series needed one, you can guess where they went, in this case the Montecito.

Crossing Jordan crossed over with Las Vegas on several occassions. Crossing Jordan What Happens in Vegas Dies in Boston continued in Las Vegas Two of a Kind. Crossing Jordan Luck Be a Lady continued in Las Vegas Double Down, Triple Threat. There were episodes of each series which had appearances by characters from the other that did not share a story line with the other that week. Jordan Cavanaugh and Woody Hoyt of Crossing Jordan appeared in Las Vegas History of Violins. Danny McCoy of Las Vegas appeared in Crossing Jordan Crazy Little Thing Called Love.

On Las Vegas The Story Of Owe, the fictional company Dunder-Mifflin from The Office (U.S.) is mentioned. After the the people from Dunder-Mifflin went to the Montecito off screen, David Brent from The Office (U.K.) appeared in The Office (U.S.) The Seminar. The Sergio Georgini fashon line from The Office Party (U.K.) appeared in It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia A Very Sunny Christmas.

The Passions 20 and 23 May 2005 episodes were set in the Montecito with Mary Connell from Las Vegas appearing. Before characters from Passions gambled at the Montecito, Dr. Bombay from Bewitched appeared in Passions on 17 September 1999. Bewitched spun off Tabitha and a non-contiguous film of the same name.

On Medium Method to His Madness, Allison Dubois was dreaming about a person who was gambling at the Montecito.

On Heroes Collision, the characters Hiro Nakamura and Ando Masahashi gamble at the Montecito. Heroes spun off Heroes Reborn.

On Knight Rider, the 2008 film, the characters Mike Traceur and Sarah Graiman met in the Montecito. Before Mike and Sarah met at the Montecito, the original Knight Rider series two part episode Mouth of the Snake introduced the character David Dalton who would go onto his own series Code of Vengeance.

A crossover was attempted between Las Vegas and Monk, however, the casino in Mr. Monk Goes to Vegas was called the Monticello not Montecito.

Are witches heroes? Are heroes witches? Is the fictional Allison Dubois a witch, hero, or both?



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